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On 30 June 2006, the German Bundestag passed the Federalism Reform. The Bundesrat approved this reform on 7 July 2006. It sets out clear responsibilities in the area of education, science and research policy and provides a good basis for constructive dialogue between the Federal Government and the Länder.
The decisions were based on the draft amendment to the Basic Law (Bundestag printed paper 16/813) and the draft of the Concomitant Act on the Federalism Reform (Bundestag printed paper 16/814), in the version proposed by the Committee on Legal Affairs (see Bundesrat printed papers 462/06 and 463/06). The explanatory memorandum on the draft legislation was supplemented by a motion for resolution proposed by the CDU/CSU and SPD parliamentary groups (Bundestag printed paper 16/2052). The amendment to the Basic Law came into effect in September 2006, after the promulgation of the Law Amending the Basic Law and the Concomitant Act on the Federalism Reform.
The consequences resulting from the amendment to Article 91b of the Basic Law are currently being discussed in Federal Government/Länder working groups and will subsequently be implemented at an organizational level. In the past, school policy was the responsibility of the Länder, and this will remain unchanged. The joint task "Education Planning", which has not been realized as envisaged anyway, will be terminated and replaced by more effective instruments of policy control. The new joint task consists of three elements - "Determining the Performance of the German Education System in Comparison with Other Countries", "Reporting on Education" and "Joint Recommendations". In future, the Federal Government and the Länder will be able to improve the basic conditions for a results-based comparability of our educational institutions and to agree upon joint strategic goals for the improvement of the education and science system. In this context, the Federal Government will also step up its efforts in education research.
Source: Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
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