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Definition according to the Vocational Training Act (BBiG):
The Vocational Training Act (BBiG) forms the basis for VET in Germany. See abstract below.
For further statutory rules of the Bund:
Major innovations since the introduction of the Vocational Education and Training Reform Act are the recognition of time-limited training periods completed outside Germany, the amendment of the Enabling Standard for the promulgation of training directives by the Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB), and the amendment of the crediting of prior VET to the training period.
Other important VET legislation includes the Regulation on Craft Trades (HwO), the Regulation on Trainer Aptitude (AEVO), the Safety at Work for Young Workers Act (JArbSchG), the Works Council Constitution Act (BetrVG), the Aid for Further Training for Advancement Act (AFBG) and the Distance Learning Courses Act (FernUSG).
Source: U. Hippach-Schneider, M. Krause, Chr.Woll, Vocational education and training in Germany - Short description, ed. Cedefop (European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training) Luxembourg 2007 (Panorama Series 138)
Abridgement of the Vocational Training Act (BBiG)
Section 1 Vocational Training Terms and Objectives
(1) For the purposes of this Act, the term “vocational training” shall mean vocational training preparation, initial training, further training and retraining.
(2) Vocational training preparation shall serve to impart basic skills required for the acquisition of vocational competence and thus facilitate placement in initial training in a recognized training occupation.
(3) Initial training shall, through a systematic training programme, impart the vocational skills, knowledge and qualifications (vocational competence) necessary to engage in a form of skilled occupational activity in a changing working world. Initial training shall also enable trainees to acquire the necessary occupational experience.
(4) Further training shall enable individuals to maintain and upgrade or broaden their vocational competence and advance their careers.
(5) Retraining shall qualify individuals for another form of occupational activity.
(Source: Vocational Training Act (BBiG) 2005)
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Sample Initial Contract
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