DEQA-VET: Education and Training 2020 (ET 2020)

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Education and Training 2020 (ET 2020)

In adopting the “Strategic Framework for European Cooperation in Education and Training” (referred to in abbreviated form as “Education and Training 2020” or simply “ET 2020”), the Ministers of Education of the EU built on the foundations laid down by the previous work programme “Education and Training 2010” by agreeing the following four main areas of focus and objectives for European educational cooperation for the decade leading up to 2020:
  1. Making lifelong learning and mobility a reality
  2. Improving the quality and efficiency of education and training
  3. Promoting equity, social cohesion and active citizenship
  4. Enhancing creativity and innovation, including entrepreneurship, at all levels of education and training.

The most important topics and projects of the “ET 2020” Strategic Framework include the following:

  • Development of development of national competence-based qualifications frameworks and their link to the European Qualifications Framework
  • Establishment of more flexible learning pathways - including better transitions between the various education and training sectors
  • Expansion of mobility for learners, teachers and teacher trainers for periods of learning abroad whilst applying the principles laid down in the European Quality Charter for Mobility
  • Improving the level of basic knowledge
  • Promoting excellence and attractiveness at all levels of education and training
  • Development of effective quality assurance systems.

The EU Ministers of Education and the Euroepan Commission regularly submit joint interim reports regarding progress in the realisation of educational policy aims to the Euroepan Council at its spring meetings. This reporting takes place on the basis of reports drawn up by member states on measures instigated at a national level. The German report is jointly prepared by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research and the Conference of the Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs in the Federal Republic of Germany (KMK).

The KMK supports the exchange of experiences within the European Union and research into successful educational concepts via vehicles such as peer learning activities. The federal states are involved in the EU working groups, expert groups and series of peer learning measures deployed for the implementation of the Strategic Framework via Federal Council commissioners or representatives appointed by the KMK.

In order to observe progress, identify challenges and assist in the establishment of a policy based on facts, the member states have further agreed the following five European benchmarks.

  • Adult participation in lifelong learning: by 2020, an average of at least 15% of adults should participate in lifelong learning.
  • Low achievers in basic skills: by 2020, the share of low-achieving 15-years olds in reading, mathematics and science should be less than 15%.
  • Tertiary level attainment: by 2020, the share of the 30-34 year olds with tertiary educational attainment should be at least 40%.
  • Early leavers from education and training: by 2020, the share of early leavers from education and training should be less than 10%.
  • Early childhood education: by 2020, at least 95% of children between 4 years old and the age for starting compulsory primary education should participate in early childhood education.

The European Commission uses these benchmarks and a series of further comparative indicators to draw up annual progress reports.

Source: KMK (2011)

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